Lighting and Visual Inspection

  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1999)  Maximizing paint inspection performance.  Automotive Finishing, Spring, 1999.  pp. 42-46.  Gardner Publications, Cleveland, OH.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Havlin, D.  (1999)  The physical determinants of polish swirl visibility.  Proceedings of the Finishing 1999 Conference and Exposition, Cleveland, Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (1999) Detecting surface waviness prior to painting. Proceedings of the Coatings and Appearance Testing Conference, Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
  • Boyce P.R., Eklund N., Ferzacca N., He Y., Lloyd C. (1999)  Paint Inspection Lighting: Optimization of Lamp Width and Spacing. Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  Towards the development of more effective surface inspection methods.  Proceedings of the Automotive Finishing 1998 Conference, Detroit, MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and He, Y.  (1998)  An objective measure of defect severity for small topographical defects in automotive paint.  Proceedings of the International Body Engineering Conference, Detroit MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Lloyd, D. E. (1998)  SMC defect visibility: Effects of viewing angle, lamp blur, illuminance, and surface type.  Technical Report, Visual Performance Inc.  Morrisville, NC.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Wiggle, R., and Gregory, W.  (1998)  Evaluation of a new inspection lighting system at the Michigan Truck Plant.  Technical Report, Lloyd & Associates, Morrisville, NC.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (1997)  Reflective properties of highlighted white metal: Preliminary measurements and conclusions.  Technical Report, Lloyd & Associates, Morrisville, NC.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Lloyd D. E.  (1997)  Effects of lighting and viewing angles on polish swirl visibility and glare.  Technical Report, Lloyd & Associates, Morrisville, NC.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Wiggle, R.  (1997)  Expected effect of increased gloss level on prime-scuff inspection performance.  Technical Report, Lloyd & Associates, Morrisville, NC.
  • Boyce, P. R., He, Y. and Lloyd, C. J.  (1997)  Method of improving visual inspection of body in white: A review.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Wiggle, R, Gregory, W., and Lloyd, C. J.  (1997)  Paint inspection lighting.  Proceedings of the International Body Engineering Conference, SAE, Detroit, MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1996)  Paint inspection effectiveness: Lighting Research Center evaluations 1 and 2.  Presentation to Ford Motor Company management, 13 Jan, Detroit, MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1996)  Paint inspection effectiveness: Twin Cities in-plant  evaluations 1 and 2.  Presentation to Ford Motor Company management, 13 Jan, Detroit, MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Boyce, P. R.  (1996)  Principles of effective paint inspection lighting. Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and He, Y.  (1996)  Predicting topographical defect severity and repair requests from simple physical measures.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J., He, Y., Eklund, N. H., and Boyce, P. R.  (1996)  Optimization of paint inspection performance: Lamp size, spacing, configuration, and power.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Strobel, R., and Boyce, P. R.  (1996)  Effect of white walls on in-plant performance of automotive inspectors.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Boyce, P. R., Lloyd, C. J., Eklund, N. H., and Brandston, H. M.  (1996)  Quantifying the effects of good lighting: The Green Hills Farms project.  Proceedings of the Illumination Engineering Society of North America.  New York, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Mizukami, M., and Boyce, P. R.  (1995)  A preliminary model of lighting - display interaction.  Proceedings of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.  New York, NY.  pp. 840-854.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Strobel, R., and Boyce, P. R.  (1995)  Effect of dark walls, reflector color, and lamp dimming on in-plant performance of automotive paint inspectors.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.