Complete Listing by Date

  • Lloyd C. (2017) Measuring Display System Resolution Precisely. Proceedings of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC), Orlando, FL.
  • Lloyd C. (2017) Practical Advantages of a Universal Geometry Measurement Method. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Dayton, OH.
  • Winterbottom M., Lloyd C., Gaska J., Wright S., Hadley, S. (2017) Stereoscopic (3D) Remote Vision System Aerial Refueling Visual Performance. Proceedings of the Society for Imaging and Science Symposium on Electronic Imaging, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXVIII, Burlingame, CA.
  • Williams L., Lloyd C., Gaska J., Bullock C., Winterbottom M. (2016) Psychometric Assessment of Stereoscopic (3D) Head-Mounted Displays. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Dayton, OH.
  • Winterbottom M., Williams L., Lloyd C., Browne, M., Gaska J. (2015) 3D Immersive Environment Using X-Plane for Depth Perception Research. Proceedings of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC). Orlando, FL.
  • Lloyd C., Winterbottom M., Gaska J, Williams L., (2015) Effects of Display Pixel Pitch and Antialiasing on Threshold Vernier Acuity. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Dayton, OH.
  • Winterbottom M., Lloyd C., Gaska J., Wright S., Hadley, S. (2015) Operational Based Vision Assessment: Stereoscopic Remote Vision System Aerial Refueling Visual Performance. Proceedings of the 63rd International Congress of Aviation and Space Medicine (ICASM), Oxford, UK.
  • Lloyd, C., Winterbottom, M., Gaska, Williams, L. (2015) A practical definition of eye-limited display system resolution. Proceedings of the SPIE Volume 9470, Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics IX; and Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XX, Baltimore, MD.
  • C. J. Lloyd (2014) Focusing the Research Agenda for Simulation Training Visual System Requirements. Proceedings of the SPIE Volume 9086, Display Technologies and Applications for Defense, Security, and Avionics VIII; and Head- and Helmet-Mounted Displays XIX, Baltimore, MD.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (2014) Determinants of System Resolution for Modern Simulation Training Display Systems. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Dayton, OH.
  • Winterbottom, M., Gaska, J., Wright, S., Hadley, S., Lloyd, C., Gao, H., Tey, F., McIntire, J. (2014) Operational Based Vision Assessment Research: Depth Perception. Journal of the Australasian Society of Aerospace Medicine. 2014; 9 (November): 33-4.
  • Lloyd, C. J., and Basinger, J. D. (2013) Towards an Objective and Affordable Metric of Display System Resolution. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • C. J. Lloyd (2013) Towards a Metric of Antialiasing Sufficiency for Stereoscopic (3D) Displays. Proceedings of the SPIE Volume 8648, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXIV, Burlingame, CA.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (2012) Effects of Spatial Resolution and Antialiasing on Stereoacuity (3D) and Comfort. Proceedings of the AIAA Modeling and Simulation Technologies Conference, Minneapolis, MN.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (2012) On the Utility of Stereoscopic (3D) Displays for Simulation Training. Proceedings of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC). Orlando, FL.
  • Lloyd, C. J., and Nigus, S. G. (2012) Effects of Stereopsis, Collimation, and Head Tracking on Air Refueling Boom Operator Performance. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C., Joralmon, D.,  Ryan A., Tai C., Morgan, W.,  and Geri, G. (2011)   Effects of Hold Time, Angular Velocity, Pitch, and Luminance on Simulated Aircraft Identification Range. Mesa, AZ: Air Force Research Laboratory.
  • Lloyd, C.,  Joralmon, D., Amann, R., Tai, C., and Morgan, W. (2011)  Effects of Luminance, Contrast, Hold Time, Angular Velocity, and Pitch, on Simulated Aircraft Identification Range. Mesa, AZ: Air Force Research Laboratory.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Williams L.,  Pierce B., (2011) A Model of the Relative Effects of Key Task and Display Design Parameters on Training Task Performance. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J., DeForest, J.,  Amann R.,  Tai C. F., Williams L.,  Pierce B., (2011) Relative Effects of Five Display Design Variables on Aircraft Identification Range in Daylight. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Basinger, J. D., Joralmon, D., Pierce, B., Williams, L., (2011) Towards a Decision Support System for Simulation Training Display Requirements. Proceedings of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation, and Education Conference (I/ITSEC). Orlando, FL.
  • Lloyd, C. J.,  Nigus, S., Ford, B. K., Linn T. (2010) Proposed Method of Measuring Display Systems for Training with Stimulated Night Vision Goggles. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Long, J.L., Lloyd, C. J.,  Beane, D.A.,  (2010) Practical Geometry Alignment Challenges in Flight Simulation Display Systems. Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  and Carter, A.  (2009)  Visibility of spatio-temporal dither noise: Effects of display luminance, pitch, and frame rate.  Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO.
  • Burggraf, H., Plass, W., Lloyd, C. J., Nigus, S. G., and Ford, B. K.  (2009)  High Level Vis-IR Stimulated NVG Training.  Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, St. Louis MO.
  • Lloyd, C.J. (2008) ATARS VITAL NVG Improvement Project Final Report. Flight Safety International.
  • Lloyd, C. J., and Nigus, S.  (2008)  Introduction to the FlightSafety Display Management System.  Presentation to the VITAL X Users group,  Orlando, FL.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  Bean, D. A., and Linn, T. R.  (2008)  Maximizing the profitability of multi-channel training display systems.  Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  Nigus, S, and Ford, B. K.  (2008)  Towards repeatable, deterministic NVG stimulation.  Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, St. Louis, MO.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (2007a)  Introduction to the display management system. Two presentations at the I/ITSEC Conference, Orlando FL.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (2007b)  Rendering high quality lightpoints on fixed matrix displays.  Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (2006)  Visual scientific basis for display system requirements.  Training course given at the IMAGE 07 Conference, Scottsdal, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Long, J., Linn, T., and Nigus, S. G.  (2006)  Effects of display pitch and lightpoint profile, width, and motion on JAA lighpoint size test performance.  Technical Report, Visual Simulation Systems, FlightSafety International, St. Louis, MO.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Long, J., Linn, T., and Nigus, S. G.  (2006)  Lightpoint evaluation 1: Effects of lightpoint width, display pitch, and display fill factor.  Technical Report, Visual Simulation Systems, FlightSafety International, St. Louis, MO.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (2005)  Alignment system challenges in the multi-megapixel display industry.  Keynote speaker for the IEEE International Workshop on Projector-Camera Systems.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (2003)  Towards the rapid and complete automated alignment of multi-projector display systems.  Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (2002)  Quantifying edge-blended display quality: Correlation with observer judgments.  Proceedings of the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (2001a) Lens requirements for flight simulation trainer display systems.  Presented at the IMAGE Society Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (2001b)  Effect of optical phase shift on MTF-based metrics of image quality.  SID International Digest of Technical Papers, Playa del Rey, CA.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1999)  Maximizing paint inspection performancec.  Automotive Finishing, Spring, 1999.  pp. 42-46.  Gardner Publications, Cleveland, OH.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Havlin, D.  (1999)  The physical determinants of polish swirl visibility.  Proceedings of the Finishing 1999 Conference and Exposition, Cleveland, Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (1999) Detecting surface waviness prior to painting. Proceedings of the Coatings and Appearance Testing Conference, Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
  • Boyce P.R., Eklund N., Ferzacca N., He Y., Lloyd C. (1999)  Paint Inspection Lighting: Optimization of Lamp Width and Spacing. The Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, 28(1),  pp.92-102.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  Towards the development of more effective surface inspection methods.  Proceedings of the Automotive Finishing 1998 Conference, Detroit, MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and He, Y.  (1998)  An objective measure of defect severity for small topographical defects in automotive paint.  Proceedings of the International Body Engineering Conference, Detroit MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Lloyd, D. E. (1998)  SMC defect visibility: Effects of viewing angle, lamp blur, illuminance, and surface type.  Technical Report, Visual Performance Inc.  Morrisville, NC.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Wiggle, R., and Gregory, W.  (1998)  Evaluation of a new inspection lighting system at the Michigan Truck Plant.  Technical Report, Lloyd & Associates, Morrisville, NC.
  • Wiggle, R, Gregory, W., and Lloyd, C. J.  (1997)  Paint inspection lighting.  Proceedings of the International Body Engineering Conference, SAE, Detroit, MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (1997)  Reflective properties of highlighted white metal: Preliminary measurements and conclusions.  Technical Report, Lloyd & Associates, Morrisville, NC.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Lloyd D. E.  (1997)  Effects of lighting and viewing angles on polish swirl visibility and glare.  Technical Report, Lloyd & Associates, Morrisville, NC.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Wiggle, R.  (1997)  Expected effect of increased gloss level on prime-scuff inspection performance.  Technical Report, Lloyd & Associates, Morrisville, NC.
  • Boyce, P. R., He, Y. and Lloyd, C. J.  (1997)  Method of improving visual inspection of body in white: A review.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Snyder, H. L., Decker, J. J., Lloyd, C. J. C., and Dye, C. Effect of image polarity on VDT task performance. Pp. 225-229 in G. Perlman, G. K. Green, and M. S. Wogalter (Ed.), Human factors perspectives on human-computer interaction. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 1996.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1996)  Paint inspection effectiveness: Lighting Research Center evaluations 1 and 2.  Presentation to Ford Motor Company management, 13 Jan, Detroit, MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1996)  Paint inspection effectiveness: Twin Cities in-plant  evaluations 1 and 2.  Presentation to Ford Motor Company management, 13 Jan, Detroit, MI.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Boyce, P. R.  (1996)  Principles of effective paint inspection lighting. Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and He, Y.  (1996)  Predicting topographical defect severity and repair requests from simple physical measures.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J., He, Y., Eklund, N. H., and Boyce, P. R.  (1996)  Optimization of paint inspection performance: Lamp size, spacing, configuration, and power.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Strobel, R., and Boyce, P. R.  (1996)  Effect of white walls on in-plant performance of automotive inspectors.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Boyce, P. R., Lloyd, C. J., Eklund, N. H., and Brandston, H. M.  (1996)  Quantifying the effects of good lighting: The Green Hills Farms project.  Proceedings of the Illumination Engineering Society of North America.  New York, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Mizukami, M., and Boyce, P. R.  (1995)  A preliminary model of lighting - display interaction.  Proceedings of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America.  New York, NY.  pp. 840-854.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Strobel, R., and Boyce, P. R.  (1995)  Effect of dark walls, reflector color, and lamp dimming on in-plant performance of automotive paint inspectors.  Technical Report, Lighting Research Center, Troy, NY.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1994)  Invited book review of "Color in Electronic Displays, Widdle and Post Ed."  Color Research and Application, Issue #2.
  • Reinhart, W. F. and Lloyd, C. J.  (1994a)  Human factors simulations of a head-mounted, surgical display.   In: Visualization in Biomedical Computing,  The Soc. for Img.  Sci. and Tech: Springfield, VA.
  • Reinhart, W. F. and Lloyd, C. J.  (1994b)  A human factors simulation tool for (3D) stereoscopic displays.  Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.  Santa Monica, CA.
  • Reinart, W. F., Gomer, F., and Lloyd, C. J.  (1994)  Luminance modulation and adaptation effects on the daylight visibility of HUD raster images.  SID International Digest of Technical Papers, Society for Information Display, Playa del Rey, CA.
  • Post, D. L. and Lloyd, C. J.  (1994)  Color display gamuts and ambient illumination.  Displays, 15 (1).
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Reinhart, W. F.  (1993)  Requirements for HUD raster image modulation in daylight.  Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.  Santa Monica, CA pp. 1335-1339.
  • Lloyd, Charles,Display simulation capabilities and research on display visibility in high ambient lighting, Proceedings of the Cockpit Electronic Display Workshop, FAA/Volpe National Transportation Center, Cambridge, MA, April 1992.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1992a) Display visibility: Avionics design implications.  In Proceedings of the VNTSC/FAA Cockpit Electronic Display Workshop.  Boston, MA.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1992b) Evaluating cockpit displays under high ambient lighting.  Presentation made at the Advanced Displays Technology Workshop, Honeywell Inc., Phoenix, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1992c) Weather database analysis: Probability of low visibility conditions and expected ambient luminance levels.  Multi Sensing and Vision System (MSVS) program at Honeywell Inc., Phoenix, AZ.
  • Reinhart, W. F. and Lloyd, C. J. (1992) Gray scale requirements for anti-aliasing of stereoscopic graphic imagery. Technical Report, Honeywell Systems and Research Center, Phoenix, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (1991a) Summary of ambient lighting conditions.  Report for the Multi Sensing and Vision System (MSVS) program at Honeywell Inc.  Phoenix, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J. (1991b) Summary of current head up display technology.  Report for the Multi Sensing and Vision System (MSVS) program at Honeywell Inc.  Phoenix, AZ.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Decker, J. J., and Snyder, H. L.  (1991)  The effects of line and cell failures on reading and search performance using matrix-addressable displays.  (Technical Memorandum 7-91)  U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.
  • Decker, J. J., Dye, C. J., Lloyd, C. J., and Snyder, H. L.  (1991)  The effects of display failures and symbol rotation on visual search and recognition performance.  (Technical Memorandum 4-91)  U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.
  • Decker, J. J., Lloyd, C. J., Kurokawa, K., and Snyder, H. L.  (1991)  The effects of symbol rotation and matrix size on visual search performance.  (Technical Memorandum 8-91)  U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1990)  A human spatial-chromatic vision model for evaluating electronic displays.  Ph.D. thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Beaton, R. J.  (1990a) Design of a spatial-chromatic human vision model for evaluating full-color display systems.  Proceedings of the SPIE: Vol 1249: Human vision, visual processing, and digital display.  Bellingham, WA.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Beaton, R. J.  (1990b) Modeling suprathreshold visual responses for image quality evaluations of color displays.  Proceedings of the SPIE's 43rd Annual Conference.  The Society for Imaging Science and Technology, Springfield, VA.
  • Snyder, H. L., Decker, J. J., Lloyd, C. J., and Dye, C. J.  (1990) Effect of image polarity on VDT task performance.  Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 34nd Annual Meeting.  Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors Society.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Decker, J. J., Kurokawa, K., and Snyder, H. L.  (1988)  Effects of line and cell failures on reading and search performance using matrix-addressable displays.  SID International Digest of Technical Papers, XIX,  Playa del Rey, CA.  pp. 344-347.
  • Decker, J. J., Dye, C. J., Kurokawa, K., and Lloyd, C. J.  (1988)  Effects of display failures and symbol rotation on visual search using dot-matrix symbols.  Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 32nd Annual Meeting.  Santa Monica, CA.
  • Lloyd, C. J., Takahama, M., Farley, W. W., and Snyder, H. L. (1988)  Military evaluation of a commercial item touch panel: Final report.  Contract Number dAAL01-85-C-0411, U.S. Army LABCOM, Fort Monmouth, NJ.
  • Downing, J., Jorna, G., Lloyd, C. J., Mohageg, M, and Snyder, H. L. (1987)  Typewriter evaluation study executive summary.  Technical Report HFL-87-1E).  Rochester: Xerox Corporation.
  • Lloyd, C. J.  (1984) Effects of priming on color identification in a two-choice reaction time task.  M.S. Thesis, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
  • Lloyd, C. J. and Raz, T.  (1984) Experiment management system: A software tool for human factors research.  In H. W. Hendirck and O. Brown Jr., (Eds.)  Human Factors in Organizational Design and Management.  pp., 229-233.  North Holland, NY.